Learn about her courage and prophecy in this video, part of our judges series and curriculum. In this chapter, deborah is mentioned as being a judge but not barak, however it was actually barak, whom deborah recruits, who was the commander of the army who rallied the people together to go and attack and conquer their oppressors. So the lord sold them into the hands of jabin king of canaan, who reigned in hazor. Judges 4 niv deborah again the israelites did evil. Judges chapters 45 inductive bible study and questions. And deborah, a prophetessa woman of extraordinary knowledge, wisdom, and piety, instructed in divine knowledge by the spirit and accustomed to interpret his will. It is tempting to read its two chapters judges 4, 5 as a unit in isolation from the rest of the book, though there are good reasons to avoid this. Judges 4 niv bible again the israelites did evil in. Book of judges contemporary lessons from the book o judges 2 the judges were ehud and shamgar.
Deborah is featured, as i said, in judges chapters 4 and 5. The prose account is given in chapter 4, and the poetical version in chapter 5. Tabor he gathered his army and went to the kishonriver. When the princes in israel take the lead,when the people willingly offer themselvespraise the lord. Israels idolatry brings servitude once again deborah judging israel 45 the command from god for baruk to lead the army against sisera 67 baruk agrees and they go to war 811 god gives victory over siseras army 1216 jael kills sisera with a tent peg 1722.
At that time deborah, a prophetess, wife of lappidoth, was judging israel. The children of israel again did evil in the sight of the lord, when ehud was dead the removal of the zealous judge ehud again left his infatuated countrymen without the restraint of religion. Some translations say she was leading, which she was, but the text actually labels her as one of israels judges. Deborah sent for a man named barak not to be confused with former president barack obama to help israel overthrow their oppressor, king jabin. Deborah judges 45 bible commentary theology of work. So the lord sold them into the hand of jabin king of canaan. Judges 4 commentary commentary critical and explanatory. This dispels the idea that a prophetess is just a wife of a prophet. The military hierarchy recognizes her as supreme commander and in fact will only go to war on her personal command judg. The children of israel again did evil in the sight of the lord, when ehud was deadthe removal of the zealous judge ehud again left his infatuated countrymen without the restraint of religion 2, 3. The people recognize her wisdom and come to her for counsel and conflict resolution judges 4. And yet these judges demonstrated their failure more and more. Do it like deborah an ordination sermon on judges 4. The book of judges is a book of human failure but also of godgiven revivals and deliverances.
Chapter 4 tells the story in prose, and chapter 5 the song of deborah tells the same story in poetry. As we come to deborah s story in chapter four, we have just read the wonderful. In our last study, we looked at chapter 3 of the book of judges and the first three of the judges of israel. Judges 5, new international version niv the bible app. The general of his army was sisera, who lived in haroshethhagoiim. In our last study, we looked at chapter 4 of the book of judges and the story of deborah and barak. Notice that deborah was a prophetess, without her husband being a prophet. Deborah s story is found in judges, chapters 4 and 5. The israelites would come up to her to have their disputes settled. And the lord sold them into the hand of jabin king of canaan, that reigned in hazor. I will sing, i will sing to the lord, i will make music to the lord, the god of israel.
She was full of patriotic ardor, which she infused into others. The song of deborah on that day deborah and barak son of abinoam sang this song. Deborah, the heroine of her time, was the prime mover in their deliverance. Judges with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. We find the blessings of the people of god and their taking possession of them typically in the book of joshua. Barak said hed only lead the military if deborah went with him. When sisera heard the news that barak and his army had gone up to mt. She used to sit under the palm of deborah between ramah and bethel in the hill country of ephraim. The framers of the lectionary obviously did so in the interest of keeping the length of the reading manageable. So our focus will be more on chapter 4, but if you read chapter 5 you will see it is a poetic recap of chapter 4. Within the larger flow of judges, the exploits of deborah, barak, and jael show us the lingering strength of a declining israel, as well as the beginnings of the breakdown in integrity and vigor so.
Deborah is sitting under the palm tree, it is called the palm of deborah, maybe because that is where she sat and held court. Judges 45 niv deborah again the israelites did evil. Deborah is one of several extraordinary women we find in the ot. The deliverance story itself is found in the fourth chapter of judges, and this is followed by the song of deborah in judges 5. And then, coming to the book of judges, there is the great woman figure of the judge deborah. According to the book of judges, deborah was a prophetess of the god of the israelites, the fourth judge of premonarchic israel and the only female judge mentioned in the bible, and the wife of lapidoth. Again the israelites did evil in the eyes of the lord, now that ehud was dead. Judges chapter 4 summary she was a prophetess, yes, women, like moses, and moses sister miriam. Some scholars have suggested that her position as judge was itself a judgment on the weakwilled men of israel. In judges the first decline of the people of israel is described. I always receive strength from this chapter of judges in reference to god reveals to us as women that we too are in the army of lord, and that we are strategically positioned in places for the masters use. Because israels men were unfit to judge, god chose a woman for the job, partly to shame the men who should have taken the leadership. Prophet deborah is the only female judge in the torah.
Three verses later, the text refers to deborah as a mother in israel v. Deborah told barak that god commanded him to lead an attack against the forces of jabin king of canaan and his military commander sisera. Sisera, the commander of his army, was based in harosheth haggoyim. Judges 4, new international version niv the bible app. She was a prophetess, living in communion with god, possessed of remarkable insight into his will, and able to communicate it in glowing words. According to author joseph telushkin in his book jewish literacy, the only thing known about deborah s private life was the name of her husband, lapidot or lappidoth. The use of this phrase suggests that deborah is confirming something that the lord already spoke to barak.
There is an interesting note we will see as we read chapter 4. She was the wife of one lappidoth, were told in judges 4. The book of judges, chapter 4 we hope that you find the content of the book of judges, chapter 4 from the douay rheims version of the catholic bible helpful to your bible studies and for references which allow you to read the books and individual verses of this chapter. Her story is told in the book of judges, chapters 4 and 5. God often brings confirmation when he speaks to us, especially if what we believe he wants us to do will affect other people. And the children of israel again did evil in the sight of the lord, when ehud was dead. Judges 4 new international version niv deborah 4 again the israelites did evil in the eyes of the lord, now that ehud was dead.1486 787 1063 317 45 169 823 57 251 265 285 1626 628 450 1165 734 1199 1499 193 1377 1046 572 1033 808 175 1630 517 113 1137 58 135 145 944 1394 1285 287 193 1193 316 990