It presents a revised version of the historical events. It is included in the catholic and eastern orthodox canons. Librivox recording of 2 maccabees by douayrheims version drv. In contrast to first maccabees, the book of second maccabees is a summary of a history written originally in greek for diaspora hellenistic jews living in the greekspeaking area in egypt. Unlike 1 maccabees, 2 maccabees was written in koine greek, probably in alexandria, egypt, c. The first two books only are part of canonical scripture in the septuagint and the vulgate hence are canonical to roman catholicism and eastern orthodoxy and. Librivox recording of the first book of maccabees, from the douayrheims version. Where the story of hanukkah is found audible audio edition. English bible according to the catholic and orthodox canons. This history includes battles with antiochus iv and his son. The name maccabee, probably meaning hammer, is actually applied in the books of maccabees to only one man, judas, third son of the priest mattathias and first leader of the revolt against the seleucid kings who persecuted the jews 1 mc 2.
The first book of maccabees acknowledged as one of the most perfect books of ancient history relates the events in the war and the deeds of the five maccabean brothers, from the year 170 to b. The hellenization of judah and the nonviolent resistance by mattathias is covered. The book of 2 maccabees consists of a greek synopsis of a fivevolume history of the maccabean revolt written by jason of cyrene. The books of the maccabees biblical literature britannica. The second book has a more theological slant, advancing several. Unknown historian abridging a five volume work of jason of kyrene date of composition date of events. Second maccabees is not as well written and has a less polished form. The original hebrew is lost and the most important surviving version is the greek translation contained in the septuagint. In 1 maccabees, the letters are written to governments and kings as part of diplomatic relationships. Your range will extend only to the last verse verse 45.
Its canonicity status as holy writ was established later in the christian era, and hence forms part. May, 2020 judas miraculously defeated the seleucid general nicanor. Churton, the uncanonical and apocryphal scriptures, and 3 baxter, the apocrypha, greek and english. The jews to whom the book was addressed were both loyal to their nation and its new hasmonean state and yet faithful subjects of the kingdoms of the greek dynasty of ptolemies in egypt. Traditionally the name has come to be extended to the brothers of judas, his. This is the full, uninterrupted audiobook of the 14 books of the apocrypha listen with the passion this masterpiece deserves by number one bestselling voice talent steve cook. It describes the refusal of mattathias to perform pagan religious rites, the ensuing. I maccabees presents a historical account of political, military, and diplomatic events from the time of judaeas relationship with antiochus iv epiphanes of syria reigned 175164163 bc to the death 54 bc of simon maccabeus, high priest in jerusalem. Even more problematic is the fact that scholars believe that the first book of maccabees was indeed written originally in hebrew, therefore meeting the language criterion for inclusionand yet it is absent from the biblical canon. The book of 2 machabees more commonly rendered 2 maccabees is an abridgement of another work, now lost, which describes the events surrounding the defeat of antiochus iv epiphanes and the rededication of the jewish temple in the 2nd century bce.
The title of 1 and 2 maccabees is taken from the surname of judas 1 mace. The author tells us that he is summarizing a 5volume work by jason of cyrene 2. The doctrine expressed in the book reflects traditional jewish teaching, without later doctrines found, for example, in 2 maccabees. This volume contains the entire 91 chapters plus a detailed analysis of the supposed discrepancies, crossreferenced historical accounts, and detailed. In 2 maccabees, the letters are to the churches see rv 2 and 3. The book of 2 machabees more commonly rendered 2 maccabees is an abridgement of another work, now lost, which describes the events surrounding the defeat of antiochus iv epiphanes. The book covers the revolt against the seleucid occupiers of judah. The book is held as canonical scripture by the catholic, orthodox.
Attempts to suppress jewish religious practices caused revolt. Note that 2 maccabees reports on many of the same events as 1 maccabees, but from a more spiritual perspective. This volume contains the entire 91 chapters plus a detailed analysis of the supposed discrepancies, crossreferenced historical accounts, and detailed charts for ease of use. The first book, although written from a biased perspective, does not directly mention god or divine intervention. Why the maccabees arent in the bible my jewish learning. For more free audio books or to become a volunteer reader, visit. As a surname it was also applied to his brothers and, by. It is a religious summary or epitome by an unknown author of a 5 volume work by an unknown jason of cyrene, covering the history of the jews from the time of the rise of alexander the great during the high priesthood of jaddua about 333 b. Its canonicity status as holy writ was established later in the christian era, and hence forms part of the deuterocanon 2nd canon. Second maccabees entire book alluded to in hebrews 11. Roman catholics often claim that the ancient jewish historical book of 2 maccabees which they wrongly consider to be scripture teaches purgatory.
The word apocrypha originates from the greek word apokruphos, which means hidden, referencing to its selective state in different renditions of books consequently, many have sought to discover why this. For english translation see 1 henry cotton, the five books of maccabees cotton calls it first book of maccabees. The second book of maccabees all chapters the bible youtube. The ancient book of jasher is the only one of the that still exists. The reality is, however, that purgatory is not even found in the apocryphal books, nor would it be a biblical teaching even if it was. However, the book of daniel, although included within the canon, is to a large extent written in aramaic. Catholics and orthodox consider the work to be canonical and part of the bible. The pagans are defined as blasphemous and barbarous nations, but there are also severe censures of apostate jews. The jews to whom the book was addressed were both loyal to their nation and its new hasmonean state and yet. Lori arsenault the book of 2 machabees more commonly rendered 2 maccabees is an abridgement of another work, now lost, which describes the events surrounding the defeat of antiochus iv epiphanes and the rededication of the jewish temple in the 2nd century bce. It is a religious summary or epitome by an unknown author of a 5 volume work by an unknown jason of cyrene, covering the history of the jews from the time of the rise of alexander the great during the high priesthood of jaddua. Synopsis of the greek sources for the hasmonean period. Holy war, liberation war the book of maccabees shows us a people who desire to live but for whom faith is.975 1081 772 589 739 964 760 620 88 862 897 514 304 1618 950 887 697 1156 169 1540 1466 1114 52 669 750 975 694 1327 1343 1358 231 122 482 485 110 80 153 191 982 1316 57 439 1436 310 678 427 1005