The return of hong kong to chinese sovereignty on july 1, 1997 was a seminal juncture in recent chinese history. The most important aspect of chinese culture is the concept of face, a quality intangible to most westerners but essential to everyday life in hong kong. Hong kong culture was permitted, even encouraged, to expand and flourish under british. History in the very long scale of history, hong kong as we know it today has existed for a mere blink of an eye. Hong kong, once nicknamed as chinas cultural desert, has risen to become a significant cradle of asian culture in the past four decades. The hong kong international airport hkia is the worlds busiest international cargo gateway and among the 10 busiest passenger airports. Traditional and modern, old and new merge to create hong kongs distinctive culture. The region of hong kong has been inhabited since the old stone age, later becoming part of the chinese empire with its loose incorporation into the qin dynasty 221206 bc. Democracy in hong kong council on foreign relations. Strict quarantine measures are enforced to stop the disease spreading. The culture of hong kong, or hongkongers culture, can best be described as a foundation that began with lingnans cantonese culture which is distinct to begin with and, to a much lesser extent, noncantonese branches of han chinese cultures. Food shortages impel many residents to flee to mainland china.
Such prejudice against the chinese culture among hong kong people was widely. Globalizations, cosmopolitanism and the emergence of hong. Hong kongs eclectic cultural scene is full of tales to tell, and there are many venues in which you can discover art and local culture. To understand the longstanding feud that keeps hongkongers and mainland chinese from getting along, you need to first understand the basics of hong kongs modern history. Hong kong island was handed over to britain by china in perpetuity in 1842 after the opium war, the peninsula of kowloon was ceded in 1860, and the new territories were leased to the united kingdom for ninetynine years in 1898. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, there is severe income inequality among its residents. Spm supervisory policy manual, cir circular, gln guideline, cop code of practice, en explanatory note, pn practice note. Hong kong is a part of china, but it has a unique history that affects the way people from hong kong also known as hongkongers interact with and perceive the mainland today. Hong kong has always been something of an anomaly, and an outpost of empire, whether british or chinese. The figure of the total population of each country is drawn from the global estimates listed in the cia world factbook, unless otherwise stated. Pdf hong kongs popular entertainment exhibition worksheet for primary. Inconsistent and contradictory research findings of individualismcollectivism have been found in china, hong kong, taiwan and singapore. For as long as there have been civilized humans, there has been some form of china. Most americans who learn chinese choose to study mandarin because of its prevalence in chinese culture.
If you have a second thought to go there,it is a big mistake. Hong kong is allowed to forge external relations in certain areasincluding trade, communications, tourism, and culturebut beijing maintains control over the regions diplomacy and defense. Since 1904, trams have been running from east to west of hong kong island. Cantonese is the secondmost common dialect, and is used widely in hong kong, guangdong, and southern guangxi zhuang. The family is another pillar of culture, and all hong kong citizens are jointly proud of their island region home and the ancient mainlands history and achievements. Siu the university of hong kong introduction the story of the transformation of hong kong into a modern metropolis from a small fishing village on the south china coast is now standard fare in almost all history books about the territory. The most important aspect of chinese culture is the concept of face, a quality intangible to most westerners but. Hong kong depended on these immigrants for their labor and capital, yet colonial hong kong contributed so much to chinas. Thanks to its unique location and history, hong kong is a melting pot of eastern and western cultures. Hong kong is a major international and regional aviation hub. The prc never accepted these unequal treaties, which. The traditional distance between hong kong chinese and their mainland counterparts was thrown into sharp relief recently, after two widely seen videos dramatized the cultural gulf that still exist between the two sides nearly 15 years after hong kongs reunification with china. Hong kong culture grew in a unique environment full of historical. Colonialism and the politics of chinese history in hong kongs.
Hong kong was a british possession for decades until it rejoined china in 1997. Pdf culture and management in china judge business school. On the corruption perception index 2017, hong kong ranks th out of 180, receiving a score of 77 on a scale from 0 to 100. These people are the product of hong kongs cosmopolitan past, something without which, todays hong kong cannot be imagined. Media in category culture of hong kong the following 72 files are in this category, out of 72 total. It has a major film industry and is a centre for broadcasting and publishing.
Hong kong has a wellestablished and trusted legal system based on the common law. The people of hong kong have their own culture and beliefs, which helps differentiate this region from others in the world. Prior to the protests, local observers knew that some kind of trou ble was looming. Why hong kong and mainland chinese arent getting along. How hong kong s complex history explains its current crisis with china from a british colony to part of beijings one country, two systems policy, hong kong s government has almost.
Hong kong is a coastal city and major port in southern china, bordering guangdong province through city of shenzhen to the north and the south china sea to the west, east and south. This perception suggests that the countrys public sector is. However, the history of the more than 1,100 square kilometres that hong kong now occupies predates the events of the qing dynasty by more than a thousand years. Pdf hong kongs popular entertainment exhibition worksheet for secondary school students. Pdf english and its role in hong kong cultural identity. Hong kong was claimed by great britain in three steps. In wangs view, there is an almost total lack of a new type of person whose values.
Hong kong in the shadow of china brookings institution. Hong kong exists as a special administrative region controlled by the peoples republic of china and enjoys its own limited autonomy as defined by the basic law. History and chinese history in the hong kong school curriculum. From the shang dynasty to the return of hong kong, see the expansive history of one of the great cradles of. It is usually part of lunch in hong kong tea culture.
Pdf hong kong is a city with a unique blend of eastern and western influences. Icons, culture and collective identity of postwar hong kong. Although originating from hong kong, it is found overseas in restaurants serving hong kong cuisine and hong kongstyle western cuisine. It is located inside the hong kong disneyland resort and it is owned and managed by hong kong international theme parks. Assistant professor, department of history, hk shue yan university. Read on to know about its people, language, food, martial arts, and festivals, all of which form an indispensable part of its culture and beliefs. But there was a lot going on in the region before that wintry morning in 1841 when a contingent of british marines clambered ashore and planted the union flag on the western part of hong kong island, claiming it for the british crown. The rights and freedoms of hong kong people and others living here are founded on the impartial rule of law, an independent judiciary, a comprehensive system of legal aid, and a free and active press. Hong kong hosts the largest concentration of ultra highnetworth individuals of any city in the world.
When it was a colony, hong kong was administered by a governor, who was appointed by and represented the monarch of the united kingdom, directed the government, served as the commander in chief, and presided over the two main organs of government, the executive council and the legislative council. For instance, empirical evidence of the hong kong chinese altruistic and individualistic attitude toward their work, occupation and. In the show top eat 100 aired on 4 february 2012, hong kongstyle milk tea is ranked number 4. Through analysing the case of chinese history in hong kong, this article demonstrates that. And, as you explore the citys colourful heritage, youll discover stories of powerful clans, marauding pirates and european traders. Although the term eurasian offers a myriad of definitional pitfalls, hong kong was also brought into being by chineseparsee offspring, armenianscottish, britishchinese of all kinds, and many more exotic mixtures. Hong kongstyle milk tea is a tea drink made from black tea and milk usually evaporated milk or condensed milk. Once described as a barren island, the former fishing community has been transformed by its own economic miracle into one of asias world cities, taking in its stride the territorys 1997 return to chinese sovereignty. Hong kong food, people, culture, beliefs and everything else. From defining hong kong as a residue of chinese culture, to taking for granted that a bona fide hong kong culture does exist, the study of hong kong has gone through a tremendous change. English and its role in hong kong cultural identity.
It is a vibrant cultural and financial center of chinese society. Putting hong kong in historical context the diplomat. Hong kong, special administrative region of china, located to the east of the pearl river estuary on the south coast of china. Urban cinema and the cultural identity of hong kong 227 leung pingkwan 11.
The hong kong exhibition features 45 documents, books, maps, photographs and manuscripts and depicts, from an american perspective, the history, economy, culture, society and art of hong kong during the british colonial period. Unlike in mainland china, gifts are not exchanged regularly in hong kong business culture. Hong kong has experienced its slowest decadal growth in at least 70 years, according to the results of the recently released 2011 census. In other words, over historical time, the distinction between cultural and.
History and ethnic relations emergence of the nation. It is the largest theme park in hong kong, followed by ocean park hong kong. However, in terms of their chronological scope, syllabuses for all levels and types of. A sense of history, studies in the social and urban history of hong kong. Airport hong kong is a major international and regional aviation. Culture of hong kong history, people, clothing, women. Dont forget to learn about hong kongs past and maritime history, and check out the museums about outer space and science. Because of this large regional concentration, many chinese immigrants and expatriates to. Over the last century, as history witnessed the development of hong kong, the tram remains a nostalgic mode of public transport to uncover the heritage past and exciting new vibes of the city along it tracks. Kowloon, hong kong island, and the new territories.
Hong kong neglect creative thinking and cultural education, it will lose its. The territory has kept its editoriallydynamic media, in. A grant from the hong kong economic and trade office made the symposium and exhibition possible. Marginal culture, and hong kong cinema 19371941 199 poshek fu 10. Hong kong nostalgia cinema and its social practice 252 natalia chan sui hung 12. Tsing theatre, yuen long theatre, and hong kong museum of history.
Statistics describing the countrys linguistic, religious and ethnic demographics are based on its most recent national census. It is served by over 110 airlines providing passenger andor freight services to around 220 destinations worldwide, including 52 cities. Classics of hong kong culture and history series, 1985, 2005. Starting out as a farming fishing village and salt production site, it became an important free port and eventually a major international financial centre the qing dynasty ceded hong kong to the british empire in 1842. Pdf family pamphlet for splendour and mystery of ancient shu cultural relics from sanxingdui and jinsha exhibition. Hong kong, a special administrative region of the peoples republic of china, can be geographically divided into three territories. Hong kong is home to many of asias biggest media players. History of hong kong lonely planet travel information. For most of hong kong s colonial history, however, the trouble was almost always in china, which meant that hong kong was often at the receiving end of a massive wave of immigrants from china. Hong kong food, people, culture, beliefs and everything. Youll want to experience cantonese opera, visit the art museum, or catch a show at the hong kong cultural centre. Read on to know about its people, language, food, martial arts, and festivals, all of. The change is reflected in the proliferation of interest by disciplines from history to cultural studies, as well as in the.1639 1081 641 1387 1111 744 1554 1403 24 461 980 8 1609 824 439 1422 1331 1425 426 200 1331 790 592 1411 1324 1096 1112 408 461 1042 827 951 862 17 103 1350 691 1369 1486 761 1422 1314 1391 330 1444 73 1338 1413